The Mirena IUD is a small object that is inserted through the cervix and placed in the uterus to prevent pregnancy. A small string hangs down from the IUD into the upper part of the vagina. Mirena is not noticeable during intercourse and can last 1-10 years. IUD’s affect the movements of eggs and sperm to prevent fertilization and also change the lining of the uterus and prevent implantation. It is 99.2-99.9% effective as other types of birth control. Mirena IUD does not protect against sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS.
Inserting a Mirena IUD will involve a visit to a healthcare professional. To prevent infection, clinics require women to have check-ups prior to insertion. This can include a full medical, pelvic, and breast exam, with a Pap smear, STI check, and pregnancy test. If anything unusual is found, it is addressed before the IUD is inserted. Upon insertion, Mirena is effective immediately.
How is Mirena IUD inserted?
Mirena is usually inserted during your menstrual period when the cervix is slightly open and pregnancy is least likely to occur. However, it may be inserted at any time. Insertion takes about 5-15 minutes with most women feeling cramps during and after the procedure.
How do I know Mirena is still in place?
Keep track of your IUD by checking its strings. You can feel for the string by putting a finger into your vagina. It is recommended that women check their Mirena IUD after each period. A shorter than normal string can be a warning sign of an embedded IUD. Missing strings may mean that the IUD was expelled. If the string is missing, call the clinic and use a backup birth control type.
If you miss your period while on using Mirena, you may want to take a pregnancy test. If you have any concerns about your IUD, call the clinic where it was inserted. The longer Mirena remains in place, the less likely it is that the uterus will reject the IUD and expel it.
How do I remove Mirena IUD?
Mirena can be removed at any time and the procedure is quicker and easier than insertion. If it is removed near ovulation, a woman may become pregnant from recent intercourse before IUD removal.
Who should not use Mirena?
Every woman is different, therefore Mirena is not recommended for all women. Due to the risk of serious health problems, women with the following conditions should not use IUDs:
- Recent or repeated pelvic infection
- Known or suspected pregnancy
- Severe cervicitis (inflammation of the uterine cervix)
- Salpingitis (inflammation of a fallopian or eustachian tube)
- Malignant lesions in the genital tract
- Unexplained vaginal bleeding
- History of ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus)
- History of Toxic Shock Syndrome
- Physical inability to check IUD
IUDs are not recommended for women who are at risk for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, have lower immune response, abnormal pap smear, heart disease, anemia, a history of severe menstrual cramping and heavy flow, or previous problems with a Mirena IUD.
- Women with a history of breast cancer cannot use the Mirena IUD.
- Women with diabetes should be monitored carefully if they use the Mirena IUD.
- Breastfeeding women should be aware the synthetic hormone in the Mirena IUD will be passed to the baby in her breast milk.
Are there any health risks?
Contracting any vaginal infections while using an IUD can increase the risk of developing a serious pelvic infection. This can result in a loss of fertility. For this reason, women need to assess their own risk for infection. If you have multiple partners or if your partner has multiple partners, your chance of infection is much higher.
The uterine wall may be perforated or pierced during insertion of the Mirena IUD. Over time, an IUD may become embedded in the uterine wall which carries a risk of surgery and/or infertility. An embedded IUD is still effective, but it can be painful and may need to be removed.
If a woman becomes pregnant while using Mirena IUD, it is highly recommended that she have it removed, whether or not she wants to carry the pregnancy to term. An IUD increases the risk of having a miscarriage or premature birth.
A woman who becomes pregnant while using Mirena is more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg attaches and grows outside the uterus. This can be very dangerous and requires emergency medical attention.
Are there any side effects?
Mirena IUD can cause longer, heavier, and more painful menstrual periods. The increased blood flow may cause anemia. Spotting may occur without serious cause or as a sign of infection.
The Mirena IUD can cause ovarian cysts. Some women using Mirena stop bleeding altogether. Usually menstrual periods return when it is removed. Mirena can cause weight gain, headaches, increased blood pressure, acne, depression, and decrease in sex drive.
BirthControlBuzz is a service company that provides birth control prices, birth control types (prescription required), health administrative services, and birth control statistics predominantly to US patients seeking to purchase birth control on-line.
For more information, call 1-866-868-8850 or visit http://www.birthcontrolbuzz.com/.
Birth Control Buzz is a service company that provides birth control prices, types of birth control(prescription required), health administrative services, and birth control statistics predominantly to US patients seeking to purchase pharmaceuticals on-line. For more information, call 1-866-868-8850 or visit http://www.birthcontrolbuzz.com/.