Making love should be a pleasant experience, and definitely not have crime scene after effects. Vaginal bleeding after sex can ruin a good night and a set of sheets. Bleeding during or after sex is not normal and should be checked by a health care professional. There are conditions that can stimulate this type of reaction during sex.
Dysplasia and Cervical Cancer – Cervical cancer can cause vaginal bleeding after intercourse. Precancers and early cancers normally do not bleed. Women over 30 should undergo a Pap smear. If financially a Pap smear is a problem you can find lower prices at some Planned Parenthood clinics. Because cervical cancer is caused by HPV it is also recommended you have an HPV testing as well.
Cancer of the Uterus – Women over the age of 35 should be checked for cancer of the uterus. An endometrial biopsy takes a sample of cells from the uterus’s lining. The procedure is simple and can be done in a doctor’s office. Overweight women have more of a risk of cancer of the uterus. This is due to the fact that fat tissue makes estrogen, which is crucial in cancer of the uterus. Women under 35 may need an endometrial biopsy if they are obese.
STI’s – Chlamydia and gonorrhea are caused by the passing of bacteria during intercourse. STI’s can attack the cervical cells and cause bleeding, discharge, pain, burning, and itching. STI’s should be treated immediately or they can worsen and eventually lead to infertility.
Cervical Ectropion – This condition is harmless and the most common cause of post-sex bleeding. This condition causes the cells normally being produced in the cervix to be made outside the cervix. When the cells are outside the cervix they are more easily irritated and inflamed and can bleed when touched. This condition can be found in a Pap smear. This condition may be caused by high levels of estrogen. If you experience post-sex bleeding after switching birth control pills you may need to change the type of pill to one with a lower dosage of estrogen or a device that doesn’t use estrogen (Mirena).
The bleeding is easy to differentiate from period blood. It is a more vibrant red and the bleeding is heavier. The bleeding will be heavy at first but slow to spotting and normally the spotting continues for a few days. Anytime you experience vaginal bleeding post-sex, see a doctor before engaging in sexual intercourse again.
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